Throughout the Ottoman Empire, an essential objective of education was to raise 'good Muslims'. Therefore there was a requirement for Islamic scholars, which was sustained through Islamic Faith Schools, called Madrasa.In 1913, the Medresetü-l Eimmeti vel Hutaba (School of ministers and preachers Medresetü-l Vaazin were integrated to form the tangible origins of today's Imam Hatip high schools
In 1924, the Tevhid-i Tedrisat (Law of Marriage of Educational Instruction was passed, changing the existing, primarily sectarian instructional system with a nonreligious, centralist and nationalist education one. The brand-new law brought all universities under the control of the Ministry of National Education. A Faculty of Theology at the Darülfünun (Istanbul University), unique schools for training imams and hatips (ministers and preachers) were opened by the new Ministry of National Education. Nevertheless, in 1930 İmam Hatip schools were closed and 1933 the Faculty of Divinity was abolished.
In contrast to the solely secularist nature of the education policy of the Republican Individuals's Party (CHP) spiritual education was renewed in 1948. This included the facility of a Faculty of Theology at the University of Ankara in 1949. Initial steps for the establishment of Imam Hatip schools started in 1951 under the Democrat Celebration federal government, which established 7 special secondary schools (Imam Hatip Okulları). In addition, in 1959 Islamic Institutes were opened for graduates of Imam Hatip schools.
Following the coup d'etat in 1960, Imam Hatip schools came across the risk of closure. Following the go back to civilian politics and the intro of the brand-new constitution in 1961, graduates of Imam Hatip schools could only register in university programmes if they had passed courses offered at nonreligious schools. During the premiership of Süleyman Demirel however, graduates of Imam Hatip schools were admitted to university without such requirements. The 1971 Turkish coup d'état presented 2 crucial reforms: first of all junior high Imam Hatip schools were eliminated, and in 1973 Imam Hatip schools were renamed as Imam Hatip high schools. Under the subsequent National Education Basic Law, Imam Hatip schools were defined as professional schools, where trainees were to be trained as preachers and ministers or prepared for higher education.
Imam Hatip schools grew gradually at first, but their numbers broadened quickly to 334 during the 1970s. The union government of 1974, established by the CHP and the MSP (National Redemption Party), committed to resume junior high schools and offering the right of entry to university through evaluation. 230 new Imam Hatip high schools were opened in a duration of nearly four years. During the 1974-75 school year the number of students participating in to the Imam Hatip high schools grew to 48,895. This number subsequently grew to 200,300 by 1980-81. In addition, women gained the right of entry to Imam Hatip high schools in 1976. The proliferation of Imam Hatip high schools is typically cited as the effect of the National Salvation Celebration's membership of a variety of coalitions with Nationalist Front federal governments.
Circumstance because 1980
The coup d'etat of September 12, 1980 is a crucial turning point in the history of Turkey and likewise for the history of İmam-Hatip high schools. Under military governance, graduates of Imam Hatip high schools got the right of entry to all university departments. In 1985, 2 new Imam Hatip high schools opened, one in Tunceli, despite of the so-called ethnic structure of the area, and the other in Beykoz as an Anatolian Imam Hatip High School, with the goal of contributing to the education of children of households who work abroad. Although the variety of Imam Hatip high schools had not increased since, the variety of students going to Imam Hatip high schools has actually increased by 45%. This is partly due to the enhancement in the quality of Imam Hatip high schools and the education provided get more info at such schools.
During the education year of 1973-74, the overall number of Imam Hatip trainees was 34,570; in 1997 this number had dramatically increased to reach 511,502. Together with this massive increase in appeal, the variety of schools also increased. The number of Imam Hatip junior high reached 601 and senior high schools 402. The boost in both trainee and school numbers can be attributed to elements consisting of the dedication of people to religion, dorm centers, scholarships, the admittance of females and a boost in demand for spiritual education.
Research recommends that in between the years of 1993 and 2000, potential students registered at Imam Hatip high schools primarily to receive spiritual tutoring along with a more basic education.In addition, research study reveals enrolment at Imam Hatip high schools was based exclusively on the trainee's choice. The 3rd suggested aspect in the increase in popularity of Imam Hatip schools is the admission of female trainees in 1976. By 1998, nearly 100,000 females went to Imam Hatip high schools, making up almost half of all students. This statistic is especially exposing due to the fact that females are not qualified to become either priests or ministers.
However, the introduction of eight years of mandatory education in 1997 has seen an unexpected decline in the popularity of Imam Hatip schools. In 1999, the reclassification of Imam Hatip schools as "employment schools" implied that, although more options had actually been provided to graduates, achieving places at prestigious university courses ended up being more difficult.By requiring that all eight compulsory years of schooling be invested under the exact same primary-school roofing, intermediate schools were eliminated. Children might not go into trade schools (one of them the Imam Hatip school) until the ninth grade (rather than the 6th, as prior to).